What is IoT (Internet of Things)? — ECCO — TECHNOLOGY

What is IoT (Internet of Things)? — ECCO — TECHNOLOGY

IoT — The current world of technological development is increasing rapidly from time to time. In the past, maybe we could only imagine or watch science fiction films about advanced technology.

Now, various equipment / machines have been equipped with technological sophistication that can facilitate our daily work. Starting from a smart car (smart car) that can walk alone to various destinations without a human driver, to a smart machine like Alexa that can sound remind you to do this and that on schedule.

With Google Assistant we can discuss to determine which is the fastest route we can take on the journey as well. Maybe it’s also our loneliness that can be lost with the existence of virtual AI friends that we can custom as we like. All of this latest technology is part of the Internet of Things.

What is the Internet of Things?

Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept where certain objects have the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring interaction from human to human or from human to computer devices.

The Internet of Things is more often referred to by its abbreviation namely IoT. This IoT has grown rapidly starting from the convergence of wireless technology, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), and also the Internet.

This IoT is also often identified with RFID as a method of communication. Even so, IoT can also include other sensor technologies, such as wireless technology or QR codes that we often find around us.

What are the capabilities of IoT? As for the various abilities for example in sharing data, being a remote control, and many others. Actually its functions include also applied to objects that exist in the real world, around us. What are some examples? Examples are for processing foodstuffs, electronics, and various other machines or technologies that are all connected to local and global networks through embedded sensors and always on.

So, simply put the term Internet of Things refers to a machine or tool that can be identified as a virtual representation in its Internet-based structure.

How the Internet of Things Works

Actually IoT works by utilizing a programming argument, where each of the arguments commands can produce an interaction between machines that have been connected automatically without human intervention and without unlimited any distance.

So, the Internet here is a link between the two machine interactions. Then where is human interference? Humans in the IoT’s job is only to be the regulator and supervisor of the machines that work directly.

The biggest challenge that can be an obstacle in configuring IoT is how to arrange its own communication network. Why does it become difficult and problematic? This is actually because the network is very complex. In addition, IoT also really really needs a fairly tight security system. Aside from these problems, expensive IoT development costs are also often the cause of its failure. In the end, manufacturing and development can end in production failure.

The constituent elements of IoT

There are some basic elements of IoT including artificial intelligence, connectivity, sensors, active involvement and the use of small devices. Next, we will briefly explain each of these elements:

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial Intelligence

IoT makes almost all existing machines “Smart”. This means that IoT can improve all aspects of our lives with the development of technology based on AI. So, the development of existing technology is done by collecting data, artificial intelligence algorithms, and available networks. Actually, for example, it could be a relatively simple machine such as increasing / developing your fridge / refrigerator so that it can detect if your favorite milk and cereal stocks are running out, even it can also make an order to the supermarket automatically if the stock runs out. The application of artificial intelligence is indeed very interesting.


In IoT, it is possible to create / open new networks, and IoT-specific networks. So, this network is no longer tied only to its main provider. The network does not have to be large-scale and expensive, it can be available on a much smaller and cheaper scale. IoT can create this small network between system devices.


These sensors are the differentiators that make IoT unique compared to other sophisticated machines. This sensor is able to define instruments, which change IoT from standard networks and tend to be passive in the device, to become an active system that can be integrated into our everyday real world.

Active Engagements

Engangement that is often applied by general technology that is passive. This IoT introduces a new paradigm for active content, products, and service involvement.

Small Size Device

Devices, as technology experts predict, are indeed becoming smaller, cheaper and stronger over time. IoT makes use of these small devices made specifically to produce accuracy, scalability, and good flexibility.

History and Development

Given that this IoT is a sophisticated technology that is able to transfer data over a network with easy interaction, the future of its development is very promising. Everyday human life can be optimized and facilitated with smart sensors and internet-based smart equipment.

The History

Initially, the internet itself became famous in 1989. Then in 1990, a researcher named John Romkey made a device that was then classified as sophisticated. The device is a toaster that can be turned on or also turned off via the internet. See Also : AI in Industrial Revolution 4.0

Then in 1994, someone named Steve Mann created WearCam, and in 1997 Paul Saffo briefly explained his discoveries about sensor technology and his future. It was only in 1999 that Kevin Ashton created the concept of the Internet of Things. This Kevin is the Director of Auto IDCentre from MIT.

In the same year, namely 1999, a machine based on Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) was discovered globally. Well, this discovery is the beginning of the popularity of the concept of IoT. People, especially technology experts, are competing to develop the technology according to the IoT concept.

Engagement in Millenial Era

Then, in 2000, the well-known brand LG announced plans to create and release IoT technology, the smart cabinet. This smart wardrobe is able to determine whether there are food stocks that need to be refilled in the closet.

Then, in 2003, the previously mentioned FRID began to be placed in an important position in the period of technological development in America, through the Savi Program. In the same year, the giant retail company Walmart began deploying RFID in all branches of its stores available in various parts of the world.

IoT returned to prominence in 2005, when well-known media such as The Guardian and the Boston Globe began to quote lots of scientific articles and the process of developing IoT. Until 2008, various companies agreed to launch IPSO to market the use of IP in the network for “Smart Object” which also aims to activate IoT itself.

Miscellaneous Fields of Application of IoT


There are various kinds of application of IoT in the agricultural sector. Some of them include collecting data on temperature, rainfall, humidity, wind speed, pest attack, and soil load. These data can be used to automate agricultural techniques. Then, it can also be used to make decisions (decision making) based on available information in order to improve quality and quantity, minimize risk and waste, and reduce the effort needed in managing plants. For example, farmers can now monitor soil temperatures and humidity remotely, and even apply data obtained by IoT for more precise fertilization programs.


A large number of devices that consume energy (such as switches, electrical outlets, lights, televisions, etc.) can now be integrated with internet connectivity. Then what is the impact? The integration allows machines or networks to communicate in balancing electricity generation and the use of energy that is more efficient or effective. This device can also allow remote control access from users, or it can also be management from one center through a cloud-based interface. In addition, it can also activate functions such as scheduling (for example to turn on / turn off the heating machine, control the oven, change the lighting conditions from bright to dim to dark, etc.). So with IoT in this field, systems can gather and act on information related to energy and power to improve the efficiency of electricity production and distribution.


Environmental monitoring applications from IOT usually use sensors to help ensure environmental protection. Please show me for example? Its application, for example, by monitoring air or water quality, atmospheric or soil conditions, may even include monitoring of wildlife and their habitats. Not only that actually. This IoT can also be used in disaster management such as Tsunami or earthquake early warning systems. This can certainly be very helpful. The IoT device in this case means it has a very wide geographical range and is able to move.

Home Automation

IoT devices can also be used to monitor and control mechanical, electrical and electronic systems used in various types of buildings (for example, industry or your home as a place to live). This IoT tool or development can also monitor energy usage in real-time to reduce energy consumption. Not only that, it can even monitor the inhabitants. Example? Once you enter the house at night, the light is on. Then as soon as you enter the sleep schedule, the lights will automatically turn off. In the morning, your garden will be doused with water by an automatic sprinkler machine. Likewise with your refrigerator that can order your own food stock when it runs out. Everything can be integrated into a smart home system.

Medical and Health

In the world of medicine and health, IoT will continue to be developed. In fact, later in the future, all your health records can be transferred directly to medical personnel and hospitals. Data that can be detected and transmitted such as heart rate, blood sugar level, and so forth. Your personal smartphone / cellphone will be a sophisticated health monitoring tool and can certainly help you greatly. Existing IoT devices can even provide warnings when your health deteriorates or provide treatment advice and even make an appointment with a doctor. Actually several advanced IoT technologies have been developed and applied in this field. For example, a smart bed that can automatically notify a doctor / nurse when a patient wants to get out of bed etc. According to a report from Goldman Sachs in 2015, this kind of health device could save the country from excessive health budgets.


IoT can help humans in the integration of communication, control, and information processing in various existing transportation systems. The application of IoT is indeed continuously expanding to various aspects of the transportation system. Not only the engine technology, namely vehicles, but also infrastructure, and alluding to the function of the driver / user. The dynamic interactions that occur between the components come from a transportation system. The system allows inter-and intra-vehicle communication, more effective traffic control because it is classified as smart, smarter parking, logistics and fleet management, vehicle control, and also related to safety factors and road assistance.

Development of IoT 2020

The development of IoT in 2020 is very interesting to follow. Where IoT here has been integrated with various other advanced modules such as the application of AI. In its own concept, AI already carries the role of an individual who can think and plan things based on the logic he already has. As its development the logic he has is also growing. This growing analytical capability enables an IoT system to advance further.

Good or Bad?

Human fear of technological advances has also begun to emerge. Where in fiction films are often shown that later humans will be displaced by their own technology. In one of the films entitled “Mother” for example. Narrated a robot with the character of a mother who can raise human species from embryo cells to adults. This robot can apply all kinds of things that he met with the baby well. Get various input and know what the best thing he can do for the baby.

Actually this robot itself is a data and a living intelligence. He won’t die just because we deactivate one robot. He can transfer awareness using other media connected to the internet. It might be quite scary if what we meet here is negative. But it is very beneficial if we encounter positive things.

Very Effective for Human Being

Imagine when the condition of the human body is going to get sick, we have been told which part is sick, symptoms, follow-up and anticipation going forward by an AI. We are given the best view of how to regulate our bodies to be in their best condition. Have we ever just imagined if this IoT is used for negative things for example in warfare? Very scary for sure. Control is very automatic. Intermediary forces that we know are no longer a coordinated swarm of humans, but could be a swarm of robots that have many forms. Ranging from ground troops, drones or even automatic aircraft.

Yes, all returned again from the goal and how this IoT was developed. If its development towards a positive direction will certainly bring a very positive impact on life. Conversely, when used in a negative way, the order of life is also very easy to destroy in a matter of hours or even minutes.

Originally published at https://elgrandesconocido.es on December 27, 2019.




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